‘Poet of Iron(鉄の詩人)’ リチャード・セラ、85歳で死去

Famed American sculptor Richard Serra, the 'poet of iron,' has died at 85


パリ西部のラ・デファンス 鉄の彫刻「Slat」(1984)AP Photo/Jacques Brinon, File


2008年5月2日、パリのグラン・パレ美術館にて。AP Photo/Michel Euler, File




1989年3月11日、ニューヨーク・マンハッタン区のフェデラル・プラザで撤去を待つ湾曲した傾斜壁「Tilted Arc」AP Photo/Mario Cabrera, File

セラの作品が世間の注目を集め始めたのは1981年、ニューヨークのフェデラル・プラザに長さ120フィート(約36.5メートル)、高さ12フィート(約3.6メートル)の未加工の鋼鉄の曲線壁を設置したときだ。”Tilted Arc(傾いた弧)” と呼ばれるこの彫刻は、そこで働く人々から速やかな反発を招き、撤去を求める激しい要求が巻き起こった。後にこの彫刻は撤去されたが、ニューヨークのアートシーンにおけるセラの人気は確固たるものとなった。


カタールの砂漠北西部にあるブルーク自然保護区の荒涼とした区画に立つ、リチャード・セラの「East-West/West-East」(2022年)Nathan Denette/The Canadian Press via AP, File


2005年には、セラの主要作品8点がスペインのグッゲンハイム美術館に常設された。展覧会の主催者であるカルメン・ヒメネスは、セラは 「疑いなく、現存する最も重要な彫刻家である」と語った。

ニューヨーク近代美術館の秋の新展示スペースで、リチャード・セラの「Equal」を閲覧するゲストたち(2020年11月)AP Photo/John Minchillo, File


2007年5月29日、ニューヨーク近代美術館にて。AP Photo/Mary Altaffer, File)

By SUSAN HAIGH and TRÂN NGUY_1N Associated Press

Famed American artist and sculptor Richard Serra, known for turning curving walls of rusting steel and other malleable materials into large-scale pieces of outdoor artwork that are now dotted across the world, died Tuesday at his home in Long Island, New York. He was 85.

Considered one of his generation’s most preeminent sculptors, the San Francisco native originally studied painting at Yale University but turned to sculpting in the 1960s, inspired by trips to Europe.

His death was confirmed Tuesday night by his lawyer, John Silberman, whose firm is based in New York. He said the cause of death was pneumonia.

Known by his colleagues as the “poet of iron,” Serra became world-renowned for his large-scale steel structures, such as monumental arcs, spirals and ellipses. He was closely identified with the minimalist movement of the 1970s.

Serra’s work started to gain public attention in 1981, when he installed a 120-foot-long (36.5-meter-long) and 12-foot-high (3.6-meter-high) curving wall of raw steel that splits the Federal Plaza in New York City. The sculpture, called “Tilted Arc,” generated swift backlash from people who work there and a fierce demand that it should be removed. The sculpture was later taken down, but Serra’s popularity in the New York art scene had been cemented.

Most of Serra’s large-scale works are welded in Cor-Ten steel, but he also worked with other nontraditional materials such as rubber, latex, neon — as well as molten lead, which Serra threw against a wall or floor to create his “Splash” series in his early career.

His works have been installed in landscapes and included in the collections of museums across the world, from The Museum of Modern Art in New York to the deserts of Qatar.

In 2005, eight major works by Serra were installed permanently at the Guggenheim Museum in Spain. Carmen Jimenez, the exhibition organizer, said Serra was “beyond doubt the most important living sculptor.”

Born to a Russian-Jewish mother and a Spanish father in San Francisco, Serra was the second of three sons in the family. He started drawing at a young age and was inspired by the time he spent at a shipyard where his father worked as a pipefitter. Before his turn to sculpting, Serra worked in steel foundries to help finance his education at the Berkeley and Santa Barbara campuses of the University of California. He then went on to Yale, where he graduated in 1964.

By SUSAN HAIGH and TRÂN NGUYỄN Associated Press